What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are classified as organic compounds. Different strains of cannabis have a variety of smells and tastes. Many terpenes affect the aroma and flavor profile of your bud. By mapping out the terpene profiles, we can predict and manipulate them. Changing the smell and flavor is pretty cool, but it’s not even the most exciting part about terpene research.
Some terpenes have been found to have medicinal benefits. That means, there are non-psychoactive compounds that can be used to safely treat an array of medical conditions. There are a ton of different terpenes in cannabis, but here are 11 profiles you should know about.
Flavor / Aroma – Citrus
Medicinal Uses – Limonene can be used to help promote weight loss, prevent and treat cancer, and treat bronchitis. It can also be used to make ointments and medicinal creams that penetrate the skin better
Flavor / Aroma – Earthy and musky with a hint of fruity flavors
Medicinal Uses – Myrcene has been shown to be an effective anti inflammatory. It also works as a sedative and muscle relaxer. This could possible explain the tired/stoney feeling often attributed to Indica
Flavor / Aroma – Floral with a hint of spice. In addition to cannabis, linalool can be found in an array of flowers,mint, cinnamon, and even some fungi
Medicinal Uses – Can be used as an anti inflammatory. It also helps to modulate motor movements. Another study found that Linalool could be used to help treat liver cancer
- Flavor / Aroma – Floral. Alpha bisabolol is also found in chamomile
Medicinal Uses – Can be used to heal wounds, fights bacteria, and can be used a deodorizer. Research suggests alpha bisabolol has been effective in treating a variety of inflammations
- Delta 3 Carene
Flavor / Aroma – Piney / earthy
Medicinal Uses – Studies have found Delta 3 Carene to be an effective anti inflammatory. It is also known to dry fluids like tears, running noses, and menstrual flows
Flavor / Aroma – Earthy and camphor
Medicinal Uses – Borneol can be used as an analgesic, anti-insomnia, anti-septic, and bronchodilator
- Alpha-Pinene / Beta-Pinene
Flavor / Aroma – Pine. This is, of course, partially where pine trees get their scent from
Medicinal Uses – Pinene has been shown to have anti inflammatory properties
Flavor / Aroma – Spicy. Eucalyptol is used as a cooking spice and fragrance
Medicinal Uses – Eucalyptol is used in a variety of products including cough suppressants, mouthwash, and body powder
Flavor / Aroma – Pine, clove
Medicinal Uses – Studies suggest cannabis-extracted terpineol contains antioxidant properties
Flavor / Aroma – Hoppy. Cannabis and hops are basically cousins
Medicinal Uses – Studies suggest that caryophyllene may help treat anxiety and depression
Flavor / Aroma – Herbal
Medicinal Uses – Camphene has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and antibiotic characteristics
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